Fibroids are non-cancerous masses that grow around or inside the wall of the uterus (part of the female reproductive system). Fibroids are Generally categorized as humans, but they are not cancerous and are also very common.
Before knowing the available Fibroid treatment options, first discuss the symptoms that may indicate that you have fibroids.
Here is a list of symptoms correlated with fibroids:
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Severe cramping during periods
- Severe pain in the pelvic region
- Discomfort or pain in the limbs and back
- The feeling of pressure on the belly region
- Urge to urinate frequently
- Pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse
- Weight gain (especially if the fibroids are large)
Many women do not even know that they have fibroids because the symptoms are very mild and may not even be present in most women. You should consult your doctor to get the correct diagnosis if you suffer from severe pelvic pain, have heavy menstrual bleeding, and painful cramps.
Treatment options for fibroids
It has been seen that in many women, fibroids develop and then disappear on their own. They show no discomfort or distress and also do not show any symptoms. In such cases, no treatment is required. In many women, fibroids disappear when the stage of menopause is reached.
But if that is not the case with you and fibroids interfere with your day-to-day activities, then several treatment options are available. Get an appointment with your health care provider to get the correct diagnosis. Depending on the effect of your fibroid’s symptoms, the type of symptoms, and where your fibroids are located, your doctor will provide you with the proper treatment.
Here is a list of fibroid treatment options that will ease your symptoms.
If your symptoms are not typically high order, then the first treatment option is to treat your fibroids with the help of medicines.
- GnRH agonists – This medication triggers the body to manufacture less estrogen and progesterone, which ultimately helps reduce fibroids’ size. This medicine eventually shrinks the regular menstrual cycle, but it does not affect fertility in the woman.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug – Ibuprofen is an example of an anti-inflammatory drug that will help to ease the pain associated with fibroids. Still, it does not help in reducing menstrual bleeding. You can purchase this medicine online also.
- Oral contraceptives – Hormonal birth control medicines are used to control the ovulation in the woman’s body, which helps to ease the menstrual cramps and heavy bleeding. Also, it has been seen that if a woman regularly takes a lower amount of oral contraceptives, fibroids do not grow any further in size.
If your fibroids are large and present in a large area of or inside your uterus, medications may not help, and you must undergo surgery.
- Hysterectomy – It is a surgical method used to remove a part or complete uterus from the woman’s body. This treatment option is used when a woman suffers from huge fibroids and unstoppable bleeding.
- Myomectomy – It is a surgical method to remove the fibroids from the wall of the uterus. This method is most appropriate for women who wish to bear children in the future.
- Endometrial ablation – In this procedure, the lining of the uterus is removed if fibroids are present on the surface. It could be an excellent alternative to a hysterectomy.
- Uterine fibroid embolization – In this method, oxygen supply is wholly reduced, which makes the fibroids shrink. It helps in eliminating the symptoms in around 90% of people. This method is unsafe for pregnant women who want to bear children in the future.
Changes in the lifestyle
Try to eat a balanced diet every day and incorporate a lot of fruits, vegetables, healthy fats, and carbohydrates into your diet. Maintain a healthy weight and include exercise and yoga in your daily routine. All these measures can help maintain the estrogen level in your body, which in turn assist in reducing the symptoms of fibroids.